Jumat, 03 Februari 2012

joe hart

Manchester City

With Hart in Belgium preparing to make his fifth appearance for the England U19 squad, in the Elite qualifying round for the 2006 UEFA U-19 Championship,[7] it was announced that his move to Manchester City had been completed.[8] England lost the match to Serbia and Montenegro and failed to qualify.
On 22 May 2006, City paid an initial £600,000 for Hart, rising £1,500,000 if undisclosed clauses were achieved.[9] Hart made his debut for City on 14 October 2006 after injuries ruled out Andreas Isaksson and Nicky Weaver for the Premier League match against Sheffield United. He kept a clean sheet in the match, which finished goalless.

[edit] Loaned to Tranmere Rovers and then Blackpool

Hart spent the whole month of January 2007 on loan to League One club Tranmere Rovers. He made 6 appearances and conceded 8 goals. He was then named in his then-club manager Stuart Pearce's first squad in his part-time role as England U21 coach, alongside another goalkeeper uncapped at U21 level, Ben Alnwick. He was not chosen to start the match on 6 February 2007 against Spain, but did come on as a substitute late in the game.
In April 2007, Hart joined Blackpool on loan as cover for the injured trio of Rhys Evans, Paul Rachubka and Lewis Edge. He kept a clean sheet in a 2–0 win for Blackpool at Huddersfield Town on 9 April 2007, in his first game for the Seasiders.[10] Blackpool won all five games in which Hart appeared, including a 6–3 win at Swansea City in his final game.[11]

[edit] Return to Manchester City

Hart playing for Manchester City in 2008
On his return from a successful loan spell at Blackpool, former Manchester City manager, Sven-Göran Eriksson, named Hart as Manchester City's number 1 ahead of Andreas Isaksson. After his performance against Newcastle United, Eriksson touted him as "one of the biggest talents in this country as a goalkeeper", and that he had the potential to become an England international in the future.[12] Only months later, he made his England debut against Trinidad & Tobago on 1 June 2008. In October, he was inducted to Shropshire Schools & Colleges Football Association’s Hall of Fame along with good friend and former teammate David Edwards in recognition of their achievements.[13] Later that month, he signed a new five-year contract.[14]
After Isaksson's departure to PSV Eindhoven, Hart took the vacant number 1 jersey when the official squad numbers for the 2008–09 season were announced. However, his position as first-choice keeper was taken by Shay Given upon the Irishman's arrival at the club in January 2009.

[edit] Loan to Birmingham City

Hart at Birmingham City
Having played no games for City since Given's arrival, rumours began to emerge of a loan move away from Manchester.[15] City secured the transfer of Stuart Taylor from Aston Villa on 23 June 2009,[16] paving the way for Hart to leave. Manager Mark Hughes had been undecided about allowing the player to go out on loan as he was unwilling to sanction a permanent transfer.[citation needed] The following day it was announced that Hart would spend the 2009–10 Premier League season on loan to newly-promoted Birmingham City.[17] He made his debut in Birmingham's opening match of the season, a 1–0 defeat away to Manchester United.[18] In the early part of the season, Hart made errors which cost his side goals, and Maik Taylor's clean sheet against Manchester City, a match for which Hart was ineligible, left manager Alex McLeish with a selection dilemma.[19] McLeish chose Hart, who kept his place in the starting eleven as Birmingham went on a club-record 12-match unbeaten run in the top division[20] and set a Premier League record by fielding the same starting eleven for nine consecutive games.[21] His performances improved:[22] against Chelsea in December, he "showed not only sharp judgment and reflexes, making three outstanding saves ... but a lack of fear also", despite needing staples in a gashed head sustained when diving at the feet of Salomon Kalou.[23] Hart was voted Birmingham City's Player of the Year for 2009–10,[24] and nominated for the 2010 PFA Young Player of the Year award alongside Wayne Rooney, Cesc Fàbregas and James Milner.[25] Though Milner won that award, Hart earned a place in the PFA Team of the Year.[26]

[edit] Return to Manchester City

After a successful spell at Birmingham City, which earned him a place in the England squad for the 2010 World Cup in South Africa. Hart was chosen ahead of Shay Given to start the opening game of the 2010–11 season against Tottenham Hotspur. He produced a man-of-the-match performance, saving numerous challenging shots including a deflected effort from Benoît Assou-Ekotto, which helped City to draw the game 0–0.[27] Hart also kept a clean sheet in Manchester City's 3–0 victory over Liverpool, where he was still first choice goalkeeper and made even more good saves, enhancing his reputation even further. Hart conceded his first goal of the season from a late penalty by Darren Bent in a 0–1 defeat at Sunderland.
Hart helped his team overcome Manchester United in the FA Cup semi-final by producing an excellent early save to deny Berbatov the opening goal. The match ended 1–0 to City, thanks to a goal scored by Yaya Toure. Hart kept another clean sheet against Tottenham Hotspur to earn his team a place in the qualifying round of the Champions League for the first time, and another in the FA Cup final in which Manchester City beat Stoke 1–0 with another goal from Yaya Toure.
Hart was awarded the Barclays Golden Glove award for the most number of clean sheets in the 2010–2011 Premier League season (18).[28] He also broke the Manchester City club record for the most clean sheets during a season (29) previously held by Nicky Weaver (26, but whilst the team was two divisions lower). At the Official Manchester City awards Joe Hart was awarded performance of the season for his excellent performance against Tottenham Hotspur in August 2010.
Hart's position as City's "number one" was cemented when Shay Given departed City for Aston Villa in July 2011.[29]

[edit] International career

[edit] Under-21

Hart was selected by Stuart Pearce in the preliminary England Under-21 30-man squad for Euro 2007, and later made the final 23. In the team's final friendly before the finals, Hart was selected for his first Under-21 start, and played the full 90 minutes in a 5–0 win over Turkey at Carrow Road. However, Hart took no part in the finals, with Scott Carson playing in all of England's four fixtures.
Hart was recalled to the U21s and was first choice at the Euro 2009 finals. He started in the first two group stage matches and was rested for the last match as England had already sealed its passage to the knock-out stage. In the semifinal against Sweden, he conceded three goals in the second half as the match ended 3–3 after extra time but he made up for it by saving a penalty and scoring another as England won 5–4 on penalties. However he was suspended for the final[30] after being controversially yellow-carded for leaving his line to talk to Mikael Lustig as the Swede stepped up to take the penalty.[31]

[edit] Senior team

Having been a regular in the England U21 squad, Hart was called up by Fabio Capello to the full England squad for the friendly matches against USA and Trinidad & Tobago. An unused substitute against USA, he made his debut against Trinidad & Tobago, on 1 June 2008 at the Hasely Crawford Stadium, Port of Spain. He came on at half time for David James with England 2–0 up, eventually running out 3–0 winners.[32] However, Hart's senior England debut did not earn Shrewsbury Town the expected bonus of £500,000 from Manchester City, as negotiated at part of his transfer in 2006, because it was not a competitive match.[33]
Hart received a second call-up by Fabio Capello to face Czech Republic on 20 August 2008, but was not brought on. Hart was called up to the next England squad due to a drop-out from Blackburn Rovers goalkeeper Paul Robinson.[34] On 8 November 2009, he was called up for a friendly against Brazil.[35]
Capello named Hart in his provisional 30-man squad for the 2010 World Cup.[36] Hart played the second half of both of England's warm-up games, replacing Robert Green against Mexico and James against Japan, and kept a clean sheet in each case.[37][38] All three goalkeepers, Hart, Green and James, were included in the final 23-man selection.[39]
Hart did not feature in the World Cup but started England's next match, a friendly against Hungary, to earn his fourth cap. He conceded his first England goal in dubious circumstances when the ball appeared not to have crossed the line from a deflection from Phil Jagielka, and made a vital late save from Zoltan Gera as England won 2–1.[40] Hart was given his first competitive cap in a Euro 2012 Qualifier, a 4–0 win v Bulgaria at Wembley, making three crucial saves, one of which he palmed away and set up a counter attack for an England goal. He won another two caps in Friendlys against World Champions Spain, keeping a clean sheet in an England victory,[41] and against Sweden, again keeping a clean sheet for a 1-0 England win.[42]
Thus far England have not lost a single game in which Joe Hart has played in goal.

Rabu, 01 Februari 2012

Manchester City History

Manchester City Football Club adalah sebuah klub sepak bola profesional Inggris yang bermain di Liga Premier Inggris. Klub ini adalah klub sekota dengan Manchester United, yang bermarkas di stadion City of Manchester, Manchester.
Pertandingan pertama dimainkan pada bulan november 1880. Pada waktu itu masih bernama St Mark's (West Gorton). Pada tahun 1887 berubah nama menjadi Ardwick A.F.C, dan pada tahun 1894 menjadi Manchester City F.C.
The City telah memenangi Kejuaraan Liga sebanyak 2 kali, Piala FA 4 kali, Piala Liga 2 kali, dan Piala Winners Eropa 1 kali. Periode tersukses klub ini terjadi pada era akhir tahun 1960an dan awal 1970an. Pada saat itu City dibawah manager Joe Mercer dengan asisten nya Malcolm Allison dan beberapa pemain seperti Colin Bell, Mike Summerbee dan Francis Lee.
Tahun 2007 klub di beli oleh milyarder Thailand yang juga mantan Perdana Menteri Thailand, Thaksin Shinawatra, sehingga klub ini menjadi salah satu klub Inggris yang dimiliki oleh pihak asing. Kemudian pada tahun 2008 dibeli oleh Abu Dhabi United Group.

Daftar isi


[sunting] Sejarah

Manchester City F.C. dibentuk pada tahun 1880 dengan nama St. Marks (West Gordon) oleh Anna Connel dan dua orang anggota gereja St. Marks. Tahun 1887 mereka pindah ke markas yang baru di Hyde Road, Ardwick. Nama klub pun berubah menjadi Ardwick A.F.C. untuk menyesuaikan dengan letaknya yang baru. Ardwick mulai ikut berkompetisi di divisi 2 Football League tahun 1892. Setahun kemudian, musim 1893-1894, masalah financial membelit klub dan setelah diorganisasi ulang akhirnya mereka berganti nama lagi menjadi Manchester City Football Club.

[sunting] Periode Awal

City menjuarai divisi 2 pada tahun 1899 dan promosi ke kasta tertinggi liga Inggris, divisi satu. Prestasi awalnya ditandai dengan kemenangan atas Bolton Wanderers di final Piala FA tahun 1904. Pada tahun 1920, stadion City di Hyde Road mengalami bencana kebakaran di tribun utama. Lantas pada tahun 1923, mereka pindah ke merkas nya yang baru, Maine Road yang terletak di Moss Side.
The Citizen menjuarai lagi Piala FA pada tahun 1934 dengan mengalahkan Porstmouth di final. Dan gelar liga pun tak beberapa lama dapat mereka raih, tahun 1937 mereka menjuarai liga Inggris untuk pertama kalinya. Tetapi musim berikutnya mereka justru terdegradasi ke divisi 2, lucunya mereka adalah klub pencetak gol terbanyak dibanding klub manapun di liga. 20 tahun kemudian, Manchester City yang diinspirasi oleh taktik bernama Revie Plan berhasil masuk final Piala FA 1955. Mereka kalah di final melawan Newcastle, tapi tahun berikutnya mereka menjuarai Piala FA dengan mengalahkan Birmingham di final 3-1. Partai final tahun 1956 ini termasuk partai final Piala FA yang dikenang orang banyak karena di pertandingan itu kiper City, Bert Trautmann, terus bermain walaupun mengalami patah tulang leher.
Setelah itu City tenggelam dan baru muncul ke permukaan saat Joe Mercer dan Malcolm Allison ditunjuk untuk menjadi duo manager klub pada tahun 1965. Mereka membuat pembelian terpentingnya pada Mike Summerbee dan Colin Bell. 2 musim berikutnya, musim 1967-1968, Manchester City menjuarai divisi satu untuk kedua kalinya. Pada partai terakhir mereka memastikan gelar juara dengan kemenangan 4-3 di kandang Newcastle. Piala dan prestasi pun kemudian mulai mengalir datang. Piala FA mereka raih lagi di tahun 1969 serta piala Winners Eropa pertama kalinya mereka raih pada tahun 1970 dengan mengalahkan Gornik Zabrze 2-1 di final.
Rivalitas dengan klub sekota, Manchester United, selalu sengit. Salah satu partai yang banyak dikenang adalah pada partai terakhir di musim liga 1973-1974. Derby panas tak terelakkan tatkala baik City maupun United harus menang agar bisa selamat dari degradasi. Pemain legendaris MU, Denis Law, mencetak satu-satunya gol kemenangan yang juga otomatis melempar rival sekotanya ke divisi 2. Tahun 1976 mereka meraih Piala Liga dengan mengalahkan Newcastle di final 2-1.

[sunting] Periode 1980-Sekarang

Manchester City tidak menghasilkan gelar penting dan hanya timbul-tenggelam di Premiership. Mereka hanya promosi ke divisi utama namun kemudian terdegradasi lagi ke divisi 2. Bahkan pada tahun 1996 mereka terdegradasi sampai ke divisi 3. Setelah kedatangan David Bernstein sebagai chairman yang baru, City pun mulai berbenah. Pada tahun 2001, Kevin Keegan ditunjuk untuk menangani Citizen dan mereka pun berhasil promosi ke Liga Premier.
Maret 2005 Keegan mundur dan Stuart Pearce menggantikannya sebagai caretaker atau manager sementara. Penampilan City yang cemerlang membuat Pearce diangkat sebagai manager penuh dan musim 2005-2006 Pearce membawa City menempati urutan ke-6 Premiership. Musim berikutnya penampilan City menurun drastis dan hanya menghuni papan bawah klasemen walaupun tidak sampai terdegradasi. Pearce akhirnya dipecat dan digantikan mantan manager tim nasional Inggris, Sven Goran Eriksson. Pada saat itu Manchester City telah dimiliki oleh miliuner ambisius yang juga bekas perdana menteri Thailand, Thaksin Shinawatra.
Dibawah Eriksson, City tampil perkasa pada awal kompetisi namun mulai kehilangan keseimbangan mulai dari pertengahan kompetisi, walaupun demikian mereka bisa mencapai zona piala UEFA eropa berkat penampilan fair play nya. Thaksin yang tidak sabaran sudah ingin memecat Eriksson sebelum akhir kompetisi jika saja tidak ditahan oleh fans Citizen yang merasa Thaksin terlalu semena-mena dan tidak memperhatikan keinginan fans City. Pemecatan Eriksson hanya tertunda sebentar dan benar-benar dilakukan saat akhir kompetisi. Mark Hughes, Manager Blackburn dan juga mantan pemain kesayangan klub sekota Manchester United, ditunjuk untuk menggantikannya.

[sunting] Dibeli oleh Abu Dhabi United Group

Pada saat Hughes naik, sebetulnya harta Thaksin sudah di ujung tanduk pembekuan karena tuduhan korupsi selama berkuasa sebagai perdana menteri di Thailand. Thaksin yang mengerti posisinya sudah tidak memungkinkan lagi untuk terus mendanai Citizen akhirnya melepas kepemilikannya kepada pengusaha asal Uni Emirat Arab, Dr. Sulaiman Al-Fahim. Al-Fahim adalah miliuner yang lebih kaya lagi dibanding Thaksin dan tentunya lebih ambisius lagi. Hanya beberapa hari setelah kepastian kepemilikannya atas Manchester City, ia langsung membuat rekor pembelian pemain termahal Inggris dengan pembelian Robinho (inset kanan) dari Real Madrid. Rekor harga 32,5 juta pounds itu melampaui harga 28 juta pounds yang ditawarkan Chelsea atas pemain Brazil tersebut. Dengan dukungan dana yang benar-benar melimpah, fans Citizen akan bersiap-siap untuk menyaksikan lagi pemain-pemain dunia lain akan diboyong ke klub mereka tercinta.

[sunting] Lambang dan warna klub

Seragam kandang Manchester City adalah Biru Langit dan celana Putih. Sementara itu seragam tandang adalah Merah Marun, atau merah (sejak tahun 1960an) dan Celana Hitam. Namun dalam beberapa tahun terakhir, beberapa warna yang berbeda telah digunakan. Asal-usul warna seragam kandang klub tidak jelas, tetapi ada bukti bahwa klub telah menggunakan biru langit sejak 1892 atau sebelumnya. Sebuah brosur yang berjudul Famous Football Clubs - Manchester City diterbitkan pada 1940-an menunjukkan bahwa West Gorton (St. Marks) semula bermain dengan seragam merah dan hitam. Dari laporan yang berasal dari tahun 1884 menggambarkan tim mengenakan kaus hitam membawa salib putih, yang menunjukkan asal klub sebagai sisi gereja. Ide untuk menggunakan kaus merah dan hitam datang dari mantan asisten manajer Malcolm Allison, yang percaya bahwa dengan mengadopsi warna AC Milan akan mengilhami City untuk mencapai kejayaan.
Lambang klub saat ini mulai digunakan pada tahun 1997, dikarenakan bahwa lambang sebelumnya tidak memenuhi syarat untuk didaftarkan sebagai merek dagang. Lencana tersebut didasarkan pada lengan kota Manchester, dan terdiri dari sebuah perisai di depan sebuah elang emas. Fitur perisai kapal pada setengah bagian atas menggambarkan Kanal Kapal Manchester, dan tiga garis-garis diagonal di bagian bawah, menggambarkan kota tiga sungai. Bagian bawah terdapat pita dengan sebuah kata Superbia in Praelio, yang artinya dalam bahasa latin adalah Kebanggaan di Pertempuran. Diatas elang ada tiga bintang tiga, yang murni hanya sebagai dekorasi.

[sunting] Pemain

[sunting] Skuat utama

Hingga Agustus 2011.[1]
Catatan: Bendera menunjukkan tim nasional pemain sesuai dengan peraturan FIFA. Pemain dapat saja mempunyai lebih dari satu kewarganegaraan.
Pos. Nama
2 Bendera Inggris DF Micah Richards
3 Bendera Inggris DF Wayne Bridge
4 Bendera Belgia DF Vincent KompanyKapten
5 Bendera Argentina DF Pablo Zabaleta
6 Bendera Inggris DF Joleon Lescott
7 Bendera Inggris MF James Milner
10 Bendera Bosnia dan 
Herzegovina FW Edin Džeko
11 Bendera Inggris MF Adam Johnson
12 Bendera Inggris GK Stuart Taylor
13 Bendera Serbia DF Aleksandar Kolarov
15 Bendera Montenegro DF Stefan Savić
16 Bendera Argentina FW Sergio Agüero
18 Bendera Inggris MF Gareth Barry
19 Bendera Perancis MF Samir Nasri
20 Bendera Inggris MF Owen Hargreaves

Pos. Nama
21 Bendera Spanyol MF David Silva
22 Bendera Perancis DF Gaël Clichy
24 Bendera Inggris DF Nedum Onuoha[2]
25 Bendera Inggris GK Joe Hart
28 Bendera Pantai Gading DF Kolo Touré
30 Bendera Rumania GK Costel Pantilimon (pinjaman dari Politehnica Timişoara[3])
32 Bendera Argentina FW Carlos Tévez
33 Bendera Republik Irlandia DF Greg Cunningham
34 Bendera Belanda MF Nigel de Jong
37 Bendera Kepulauan Faroe GK Gunnar Nielsen
38 Bendera Belgia DF Dedryck Boyata
40 Bendera Slowakia MF Vladimír Weiss
42 Bendera Pantai Gading MF Yaya Touré
43 Bendera Inggris FW Alex Nimely
45 Bendera Italia FW Mario Balotelli
62 Bendera Pantai Gading MF Abdul Razak

[sunting] Dipinjamkan

Catatan: Bendera menunjukkan tim nasional pemain sesuai dengan peraturan FIFA. Pemain dapat saja mempunyai lebih dari satu kewarganegaraan.
Pos. Nama
26 Bendera Kolombia GK David González (ke Aberdeen hingga Desember 2011)
50 Bendera Norwegia MF Abdi Ibrahim (ke N.E.C hingga akhir musim 2011–2012)

Pos. Nama
Bendera Inggris MF Michael Johnson (ke Leicester City hingga akhir musim 2011–2012)
Bendera Togo FW Emmanuel Adebayor (ke Tottenham Hotspur hingga akhir musim 2011–2012)
14 Bendera Paraguay FW Roque Santa Cruz (ke Real Betis hingga akhir musim 2011–2012)

[sunting] Dipensiunkan

Catatan: Bendera menunjukkan tim nasional pemain sesuai dengan peraturan FIFA. Pemain dapat saja mempunyai lebih dari satu kewarganegaraan.
Pos. Nama
23 Bendera Kamerun MF Marc-Vivien Foé (penghargaan anumerta)
Sejak 2003, Manchester City tidak lagi mempergunakan skuat bernomor 23. Nomor ini dipensiunkan sebagai penghormatan atas pemain sepak bola Kamerun, Marc-Vivien Foé, yang dipinjamkan dari Lyon (Perancis) saat kematiannya di lapangan pertandingan ketika bermain untuk Kamerun pada Piala Konfederasi FIFA 2003 di Perancis.[4]

[sunting] Hall of Fame

Pemain berikut merupakan anggota Pemain Kehormatan Manchester City,[5] dan didaftar menurut tahun debut pertama mereka bersama tim utama (tahun di dalam kurung):

[sunting] Tim Manajemen

Position Name
Manager Bendera Italia Roberto Mancini
Asisten Manager Bendera Inggris Brian Kidd
Pelatih Utama Bendera Italia Fausto Salsano
Pelatih Keeper Bendera Italia Massimo Battara
Pelatih Fitnes Bendera Italia Ivan Carminati
Tim Manager Cadangan Bendera Inggris Andy Welsh
Kepala Pemain Muda Bendera Inggris Graham Carr
Direktur Akademi Internasional Bendera Inggris Jim Cassell
Manager Pengembangan Pemain Under-21 Bendera Inggris Andy Welsh
Kepala Akademi Platt Lane Bendera Inggris Mark Allen
Manager Tim Akademi Bendera Inggris Scott Sellars

[sunting] Former Managers

Manager berikut ini memenangkan paling sedikit satu tropi pada saat bersama Mancheter City
Name From To Played Won  Drawn Lost
Bendera Skotlandia Tom Maley 1902 1906 150 89 22 39
Bendera Inggris Wilf Wild 1932 1946 354 158 124 72
Bendera Inggris Les McDowall 1950 1963 592 220 127 245
Bendera Inggris Joe Mercer 1965 1971 340 149 94 97
Bendera Inggris Tony Book 1974 1979 269 114 75 80

[sunting] Pemain terkenal